Archives from December 2021

The Resurrection, Return, and Reign of the Messiah

Sunday Sermon Series Prophecies of Jesus in the Old Testament Holidays Christmas


The Messiah will rise from the dead (Isaiah 53:9-11; Psalm 16:8-11). Fulfillment: Acts 2:29-32; 13:34-37….. The resurrection was prophesied. Peter quoted the prophecy on Pentecost and explained it to his audience. He testified that Jesus fulfilled this prophecy and gave three reasons for them to believe it. 1) the prophecy. 2) the empty tomb they could go look at. 3) they were eyewitnesses. The disciples and others had seen Jesus after His resurrection. 


The Messiah will return on the clouds (Daniel 7:13-14). Prophecy repeated: Mark 14:61-62; Revelation 1:7…. Daniel had a vision of the Messiah returning on the clouds. When Pilate questioned Jesus, He only answered one question. Pilate asked if Jesus was the Messiah and He replied by saying that He would sit at the right hand of God and return on a cloud. In Revelation, John sees another vision of Jesus returning on a cloud. It hasn't happened yet, but we have reason to believe it will because so many others have been fulfilled. When it does happen, some people will rejoice and others will mourn as they realize it was true and they aren't saved. 


The Messiah will reign as king forever (Isaiah 9:6-7; 11:1-9) Prophecy repeated: Revelation 19:11-16…. This is prophesied multiple times, but the verses we look at today are Christmas prophecies that tie His birth and reign together. They have two prophecies in one sentence. They jump from His birth to His reign. They describe a powerful ruler who reigns in peace and harmony. Skeptics say there isn't much to celebrate on Christmas because there's still evil in the world. There's still tragedy. That's true, but we aren't celebrating the end. We're celebrating the beginning of the end, the hero's entrance. Christmas is when Jesus entered the world and His music started playing. There's still a battle coming, but we know the outcome and await His reign with joyful anticipation. 


This is the last sermon in this series and hopefully we all learned something about the prophecies of the Messiah that we can use to strengthen our faith and defend it. 

The Suffering and Death of the Messiah

Sunday Sermon Series Prophecies of Jesus in the Old Testament Holidays Christmas


10 prophecies about the suffering and death of Jesus: 


  1. The Messiah will be silent before his accusers (Isaiah 53:7;Matthew 27:12-14).

  2. The Messiah will be beaten and spit upon (Isaiah 50:6; Matthew 27:27-30).

  3. The Messiah’s hands and feet will be pierced (Psalm 22:16; Matthew 27:31).

  4. The Messiah will be considered a criminal (Isaiah 53:12; Luke 22:37; 23:32-33).

  5. The Messiah’s captors will divide his clothes (Psalm 22:18; Matthew 27:35).

  6. The Messiah will be mocked and insulted (Psalm 22:7-8; Matthew 27:39-43).

  7. The Messiah will feel abandoned by God (Psalm 22:1; Matthew 27:46).

  8. The Messiah will be thirsty and will be offered vinegar to drink (Psalm 22:15; 69:21; John 19:28-30).

  9. None of the Messiah’s bones will be broken (Psalm 34:20; John 19:31-37).

  10. The Messiah will be buried with the rich (Isaiah 53:9; Matthew 27:57-60).


Isaiah 53:4-6…. This is what it all leads to. This is the reason Jesus fulfilled the prophecies and suffered like He did. He went through all of this to take our place, to die for our sins so that we can have the opportunity to go to Heaven. We're all in the same boat with regard to this. None of us are better than another. We all need salvation and it is offered to all of us equally through the death and resurrection of the Messiah.

The Rejection and Betrayal of the Messiah

Series Prophecies of Jesus in the Old Testament Holidays Christmas


The Messiah will be rejected (Psalm 118:22-23). Fulfillment: Matthew 21:42; Acts 4:10-11…. This Psalm describes David, who was the youngest of his brothers and rejected or thought lowly of several times before becoming the cornerstone of the kingdom of Israel. It also describes his descendant many generations later. Jesus was rejected by His people, but He is the cornerstone of our salvation. 


The Messiah will be betrayed for thirty pieces of silver (Zechariah 11:12-13). Fulfillment: Matthew 26:14-15; 27:3-10…. Zechariah tried to teach and correct Israel as they were turning from the Lord, but they didn't listen and they paid him what he considered an insulting amount. So he threw it down. Judas was paid the same amount to betray Jesus then had second thoughts afterward and threw the money down. 


The Messiah will be betrayed by a close friend who eats bread with him (Psalm 41:9). Fulfillment: John 13:18-19, 25-27…. David was betrayed a few times. Jesus was betrayed by one of His disciples, one of His closest friends. 


The Messiah’s followers will leave him (Zechariah 13:7). Fulfillment: Matthew 26:31…. It was said that the Messiah’s followers would scatter. When Jesus told this to His disciples, Peter said he wouldn't leave Jesus, but he would end up scattering too and even deny knowing Jesus three times. 


The Messiah will come 483 years after the decree to rebuild Jerusalem. Then he will be killed.

(Daniel 9:24-26).... Daniel was an old man in Babylon when he wrote this prophecy. The 70 years of exile were almost over. He prays to God about letting His people return home. The exile lasted that long because the Israelites neglected to give the land its sabbath for 490 years. The sabbath is supposed to be every seventh year, a year of rest for the land. 490 years has 70 of those sabbath years. That’s why the exile lasted that long. That’s 70 weeks of years. Daniel had a vision from God that in the 490 years from the decree to rebuild Jerusalem, God would accomplish His plan for salvation. Then He specifies that 483 years from that decree, the Messiah would come. When did that decree come? There’s two candidates. Ezra received the decree in 458 BC. The other was Nehemiah in 445 BC. If you take Ezra’s date and add 483 years you get 26 AD, which most Bible scholars would agree is the year Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey. Taking Nehemiah’s date, it comes to 38 AD (or 33 AD if they used a lunar calendar). That’s a bit long, but either way, the range of 26-38 AD is pretty specific and accurate. The prophecy goes on to say that the Messiah will die and the city and temple be destroyed. That’s exactly what happened. 


The Ministry of the Messiah

Series Prophecies of Jesus in the Old Testament Holidays Christmas


The Messiah will be preceded by a messenger like the prophet Elijah who will prepare the way for his coming (Malachi 3:1; 4:5). Fulfillment: Matthew 11:7-10, 13-14…. John the Baptist started his ministry before Jesus and preached that the one who comes after him is the Messiah. He also wore similar clothes as Elijah and Jesus Himself confirmed that John fulfilled this part of the prophecy. 


The Messiah will not come as a warrior but as one who is gentle and humble (Isaiah 42:1-4). Fulfillment: Matthew 12:14-21…. Jesus came to serve and to save as a humble servant leader. Even when there was a plot to kill Him, He remained gentle and withdrew, teaching peace and hope to those who followed Him. 


The Messiah’s ministry will extend beyond Israel to the gentiles (Isaiah 49:6). Fulfillment: Luke 2:30-32…. Salvation for Israel wasn't enough. Jesus was meant to bring salvation to every nation and He did. He amazed people with His love for gentiles and He commanded His followers to go to the ends of the earth. 


The Messiah will preach good news (Isaiah 61:1-2). Fulfillment: Mark 1:14-15; Luke 4:16-21…. The good news that Jesus preached was for everyone. Rich or poor. Saint or sinner. Everyone is able to receive the good news that this is the year of the Lord's favor, a year of Jubilee in which everything can be forgiven. The prophecy has a second part that isn't yet fulfilled but will come. Eventually Jesus will return and declare the day of judgment has arrived, but until then we get to live in this year of Jubilee. 


The Messiah will enter Jerusalem riding on a donkey (Zechariah 9:9). Fulfillment: John 12:14-16…. This prophecy was one of the big obvious signs that the Messiah had arrived. Jesus fulfilled it. This showed that Jesus was the Messiah. No one else has fulfilled the number of prophecies that He has. 


The Birth of the Messiah

Sunday Sermon Series Prophecies of Jesus in the Old Testament Holidays Christmas


The Messiah will be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14-16). Fulfillment: Isaiah 8:3-4; 9:6-7; Matthew 1:18-23… This is a dual fulfillment prophecy. Yes, Jesus would fulfill it, but so would Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz. Maher only partly fulfilled the prophecy though, and Jesus would later fulfill the prophecy to its fullest. Maher was conceived by a virgin in a more conventional way, being conceived by a virgin on her first night of intimacy. Jesus was born of a virgin before she ever experienced that intimacy. 


The Messiah will be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2-4). Fulfillment: Luke 2:1-7; Matthew 2:1-6… But, isn't Mary from Galilee? Yes, Joseph and Mary were living in Nazareth of Galilee but a census sent them Bethlehem and Jesus was born there. 


The Messiah will come out of Egypt (Matthew 2:13-15, quoting Hosea 11:1).... But, he was born in Bethlehem, right? And his parents lived in Galilee, right? Yes, but when Jesus was young, his parents took him and fled to Egypt to avoid Herod who was killing babies that might be Jesus. 


The Messiah’s light will shine from Galilee (Isaiah 9:1). Fulfillment: Matthew 2:19-23; John 7:41-43… But they fled to Egypt, right? Mmhmm. When Herod finally died, they returned to Galilee. So, now Jesus could come of age in Galilee and eventually start His ministry there.